Common Newborn Skin Conditions in Babies
Baby skin rashes can be treated with the best natural skin care products for newborn babies. Parents need to apply caution to use the best baby skincare products for sensitive skin.
The newborn skin can be separated from the adult’s skin in several ways. In a dermatologic examination, it can be easily observed that it is thinner, less hairy, and has less sweat and sebaceous gland secretions. These differentiations present, especially in preterm newborns. Their skin is exposed to mechanical trauma, bacteria, and weather, heat alterations. At birth, newborn skin is protected by the coverage of vernix caseosa, which has lubricating and antibacterial features, and its pH ranges from 6.7 to 7.4. Beneath the vernix caseosa, the skin has a pH of 5.5-6.0. In a newborn dermatologic examination, it is very important to distinguish transient benign dermatoses and severe diseases, make early diagnosis and treat congenital skin disorders. Although benign cases are common in this life period, clinical presentations can be much more exaggerated, dramatic and cause a great deal of anxiety to parents. Therefore, as a doctor, knowing the dermatological, pathological, and non-pathological common skin rashes guide the family in the right direction, offers advice to reduce uncertainty and time for the treatment of severe conditions, and builds a confidential doctor-patient relationship.
In this review, our aim is to provide a general overview of common skin rashes in the newborn period.
Rashes are very common in newborns. During the first four weeks of life, the newborn stage involves various dermatologic skin problems. Most of them are innocent as well as transient. However, serious infectious, congenital skin diseases, as well as sometimes malign tumors, need to be taken into consideration. Neonatal skin lesions are indeed common.
Skin rashes are of much serious concern for parents and would require a visit to a physician.
Parents search in the local market for the best natural skincare products for newborn babies.
Transient Vascular Phenomena
Central erythema can indeed be inspected during the first hours of life; the extremities do tend to be much redder. By crying or heat loss, acral parts tend to become symmetrically blue in color, without any other cutaneous changes that include edema. This bluish discoloration named ‘Acrocyanosis’ does fade away.
Neonatal desquamation happens to be another common skin problem of the newborn that usually occurs on hands, feet as well as ankles.
Erythema toxicum Neonatarum
Erythema toxicum neonatorum happens to be a benign, self-limited, asymptomatic skin condition that does occur during the neonatal period. It is indeed a common and harmless as well as self-limited skin rash mainly in full-term newborns.
Transient Neonatal Pustular Melanosis
Transient neonatal pustular melanosis is considered to be a benign idiopathic skin condition. This transient skin disorder does occur especially in black newborns and also occurs at birth.
Acropustulosis of Infancy
Acropustulosis of infancy or infantile acropustulosis happens to be a recurrent, self-limited, pruritic, vesicopustular eruption of the palms as well as the soles and occurs in young children. Palms, as well as soles, are the main areas affected.
Neonatal acne occurs within the first 30 days of life. It is usually transient and benign. Neonatal acne is different from infantile acne. Infantile acne happens to be more pleomorphic as well as inflammatory than the neonatal one.
This common skin rushes in newborns and is seen with yellow/white small superficial cysts. Milia does occur in nearly half of healthy newborns and are rather typically present at birth, although their onset may indeed be delayed in premature neonates.
The keratinous plugging of one’s eccrine ducts does cause the rupture of the duct and also leakage of sweat into the epidermis as well as the dermis. Both milia, as well as miliaria, do result from the immaturity of skin structures, but they are clinically considered to be distinct entities. Miliaria does affect up to 40% of infants and usually tends to appear during the first month of life.
D diaper dermatitis involves all eruptions that do occur in the area covered by the diaper. It generally does refer to irritant chronic contact dermatitis. There are many causes for maceration of the skin such as urine enzymes, wiping, rubbing as well as stool. The most important factor is the wetness of one’s diaper area. Due to wetness, the barrier function of the skin gets destroyed and penetration of irritants does become easier. Topical antifungal agents can be made use of.
This is very common and occurs in the sacral skin region. It is usually a cosmetic problem.
Umbilical granulomas do occur in the first weeks of life after the umbilical cord detaches. Normally, the umbilical cord area does heal with epithelization without any excessive scar tissue. Granulation tissue can persist at the base of the umbilicus after cord separation. Small umbilical granulomas tend to respond to silver nitrate application.
Collodion babies are often premature and transparent thick membranes that encase the newborn presents at birth and peel off within 2-3 weeks.
Neonatal pemphigus happens to be a rare autoimmune blistering disease. It is characterized by flaccid blisters on one’s skin.
Parents need to focus on the best baby skincare products for sensitive skin to make sure the baby is healthy.